Speaking in the Name
Intro: There is a story from the Bible that is traditionally read today - the Sunday after Pentecost. It is Matthew 28: 16-20, a story that contains doubt, authority, a difficult theological concept, and reassurance. So let us read it, and then I will unpack these four verses:
16 Now the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain to which Jesus had directed them. 17 And when they saw him they worshiped him, but some doubted. 18 And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in[b] the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”
Matthew 28: 17 And when they saw him they worshiped him, but some doubted Matthew captures the mood of the disciples – they worship Jesus, even while they had their doubts..
• When Jesus gathered those disciples, he did not first interrogate their beliefs to make sure that they had got everything right.
• He did not ask them to reassure him that they were confident they could do the job before he sent them into the world.
• It was not even a condition of discipleship that they first be sure of everything they believed:
Following Jesus allows space for doubt. We can be a disciple – even while we bring our question, and things that make us unsure. It is our questions that open up space for our spiritual growth.
Matthew 28 tells us that it is these unsure, hesitant, doubting disciples are commissioned by Jesus to go and make disciples.
“All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Go therefore and make disciples (Matt 28:18)
This word “disciple” is derived from the Latin discipulus – a student. We are told that the disciples of Jesus are turned into teachers, sent to raise up new students. The disciples still have doubts and questions – which I noted as the essential tools for further learning - but this does not prevent them from passing on their faith. Because discipleship does not depend on having the right explanations, or saying the correct Creed, or belonging to the best church:
Our Christian discipleship is based in hearing Jesus say to us: “Go… in the Name of God”. This is the one key idea that holds all this together: the disciples are sent “in the name” of God. This is a deliberate term. Throughout history, people in authority have sent messengers to speak on their behalf: the messenger from the King would announce a message in the village square “in the name of the King”. This message is not the words of the messenger – but is instead said with the reputation and the authority of the one who sent the messenger.
So those who follow Jesus are sent “in the name of God - Father, Son and Holy Spirit” to share our faith: This faith is rooted in a relationship….a relationship with The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. My Christian faith begins at the moment that I discover that God loves me with the same passion that a Good Father loves his newborn baby; this relationship is modeled on the life and teachings of Jesus the Son; and it is nurtured and strengthened by the power of the Spirit of God. So when you and I follow Jesus – let us intentionally call ourselves “disciples” of Jesus: we do not know everything, we have our doubts and our uncertainties, but we have been sent by Jesus to share the Gospel.
This brings with it both Good News and a Challenge:
The Good News is that we have space for our doubts and our imperfections – because the message does not depend on us being perfect: the message belongs to God. We speak a message of the Love of God for the people of this world. Let us never remain silent because we are overcome by our fears, or our weaknesses, or our failures. Because the God uses imperfect vessels to carry a perfect message.
The Challenge in this: we cannot become arrogant about the message. Matthew 28: 20 teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. The message of God’s Salvation is not my message! It does not belong to me. There is no room for me to think I am superior or more righteous than others – just because I have the message of Jesus. I am heartbroken by how easily Christians preach the anger and the retribution of God – mostly often aimed at other people. We import our own cultural prejudices into our faith and make it appear that God hates the same people that we do! John 3:16 tells us that “God so loved the world that he sent his son”…Jesus came to love the whole world – and yet we are so slow to speak (and demonstrate) the love and compassion of God towards all people. God loves everyone – without exception. In this month of June hear me clearly: God loves the LGBTQI community. Let us distance ourselves from the unkind prejudices of our national culture – and show love to all people.
And then the concluding promise: Matthew 28: 20 “, I am with you always, to the end of the age.” We do not do this alone. Not only do we go in the name of Jesus – but God goes with us.
Matthew 17 And after six days Jesus took with him Peter and James, and John his brother, and led them up a high mountain by themselves. 2 And he was transfigured before them, and his face shone like the sun, and his clothes became white as light. 3 And behold, there appeared to them Moses and Elijah, talking with him. 4 And Peter said to Jesus, “Lord, it is good that we are here. If you wish, I will make three tents here, one for you and one for Moses and one for Elijah.” 5 He was still speaking when, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them, and a voice from the cloud said, “This is my beloved Son,[a] with whom I am well pleased; listen to him.” 6 When the disciples heard this, they fell on their faces and were terrified. 7 But Jesus came and touched them, saying, “Rise, and have no fear.” 8 And when they lifted up their eyes, they saw no one but Jesus only.
This is a well known story in the life of Jesus: Jesus goes up the mountain to pray, taking Peter, James and John with him. This is a really, really amazing experience for the disciples, who have their faith renewed by what became a deeply spiritual event: it is so deeply moving that they not only hear the voice of God, but they encounter the founding fathers of their faith – Moses and Elijah. It is such an amazing spiritual experience that Peter says – “Lord it is good to be here: let us stay in this moment” – well he actually said “let us put up tents” , but this means, let us stay here where it feels so good.
Such moments are precious – We even have a saying in the English language for this: we speak of “Mountain-top experiences”.
This was not the only such experience for the disciples:
On the day of Pentecost they were part of a huge crowd of people who were blessed by the Holy Spirit and experienced the presence of God. And lives were changed. And the new Jesus movement took off. Acts Chapter 4:31 tells of a revival service where the Holy Spirit fell on people and lives were changed. And again in Acts 10, and in Acts 19 - and in many, many moments since then: our Methodist history records the Holy Spirit taking hold of the heart of John Wesley, and him describing this as his “heart being strangely warmed”. Subsequently there were Methodist revival meetings where the Holy Spirit took hold of the meeting and people’s lives were changed. And in the history of this country there are countless stories of revival meetings where the Spirit of God changed people’s lives. In fact right now there is a revival service taking place at Asbury Theological Seminary in Kentucky: here is a report of what is taking place:
A chapel service in Hughes Auditorium started on Wednesday, February 8th and has not yet ended. In the days since there has been an organic rotation of public confessions and repentance, worship (of all sorts), proclamation (preaching and testimonies), prayer, and public scripture reading.
So today we remind ourselves that God offers moments of deep spiritual blessing: and I would like to leave two thoughts with us:
1. Let us never become tired of seeking the presence of God.
God longs to bless us – God has done so in history, and God continues to do so today. Let us pray for Spiritual revival in our church. And I am speaking of a deep, refreshing, spiritual renewal. This is more than getting the right songs together, or getting the best preacher, or having the best words in prayer: this is about pausing in our busy lives to give time to the Spirit of God. Listen to these words from the Asbury revival:
In our hurry-filled, over-scheduled Western American culture whose obsession with productivity, achievement, and consumerism has saturated every corner of life, life has simply ground to a halt in this little corner of Kentucky so that people can prioritize spending time soaking in the manifest presence of God
Let us pause for a moment and think about this. Why do we allow ourselves to think that everything has to be compressed into the limits of time? I am inviting us to pray that eternity would break through into our time-bound lives, and God’s Holy Spirit bless us abundantly.
2. Let us never become tired of seeking to serve God
Spiritual revivals have consequences. God does not bless without a greater purpose in mind:
I want you to understood the spiritual principle of blessing and service: You are blessed – because God preparing you to become a blessing in the live of someone else.
The story we read about Jesus and his disciples on the mountain top – comes in two parts: Part One is the blessing and Part Two is the purpose of the blessing: Let me take us back to the story we began in Matthew 17: Jesus and his disciples came down the mountain….
14 And when they came to the crowd, a man came up to him and, kneeling before him, 15 said, “Lord, have mercy on my son, for he has seizures and he suffers terribly. For often he falls into the fire, and often into the water. 16 And I brought him to your disciples, and they could not heal him.” 17 And Jesus answered, “O faithless and twisted generation, how long am I to be with you? How long am I to bear with you? Bring him here to me.” 18 And Jesus rebuked the demon,[b] and it[c] came out of him, and the boy was healed instantly.[
Jesus had work to do: there was a distressed father who asked Jesus to pray for his son…. Note this one thing: Jesus did not say “Don’t bother me now: can’t you see that I have just spent time under the anointing of God”
This is because Jesus understood the principle of blessed to be a blessing. He was in the presence of God – because God wanted him to bring the presence of God to others. We discover that Jesus comes down the mountain and brings the healing presence of God with him – and everyone in the crowd is blessed. It turns out that this moment on the mountain top is more than just healing this boy. It becomes a key turning point in the life of Jesus: he comes down the mountain and sets his face towards Jerusalem: he knows that he has work to do at the temple – work that would lead to his arrent, and his trial and his conviction and execution. And the release of the greatest blessing of all: forgiveness and healing for all humankind.
This is the way of God – to bless people so that they can become a blessing:
• On the day of Pentecost people were blessed – so that they could witness to Jesus in Jerusalem, and in Judea and to the ends of the earth
• People were blessed in a prayer meeting in Ephesus – so that they could resist the insults of the silversmiths and establish a Christian church
• John Wesley’s heart was strangely warmed – so that he would be ready to lead a revival movement across England in the 18th Century
• The people worshiping God at Asbury theological seminary are being blessed – not because it feels great, but because God has work for them to do
And so I challenge us to pray for revival here in Brookings. Remember it is dangerous thing to pray for blessing, because God will take us seriously and open new doors to service. But we who follow Jesus dare not look away from all that God has in store for us. God wants to open new opportunities to become a blessing to our city.
Let me conclude: with a personal opinion: Holy Spirit revived hearts are hearts of love and compassion:
• Holy Spirit revived hearts do not threaten to prosecute a doctor who is trying to care for a woman whose life is in danger because of her pregnancy.
• Holy Spirit led people do not threaten parents with the law when they are trying to figure out how best to love their transgender child. Transgendered children, and gay children, are also God’s children. And the deserve our love and compassion – not judgement and legal threats of politicians.
I am praying that revival can take place here: that God would soften our hearts. This will allow us to let go of our bitterness, and our need to judge others, and our mean spirited opinions. And set us free to offer all people the love of God – without exception.
Expect Good News
Intro: John the Baptist is a figure that captures my imagination: before the television reality show Survivor – here is the original winner of survivor. He lives off the land – by eating wild honey and insects. He sleeps in caves and dresses in animal skins. And he preaches the Word of the Lord in the desert.
What is surprising is that people arrive to listen to him:
They have to travel 45 miles east of Jerusalem – and this is not welcoming terrain: To the east the city looks down on the Dead Sea and across the Jordan River to the arid mountains of Moab. And there at the river in the wilderness, is a preacher who looks like a Wildman. Why would anyone go to listen to him:
Luke gives us a clue: 18 So, with many other exhortations, he proclaimed the good news to the people.
John preaches Good News. And the people are in desperate need of Good News – because they lived very difficult lives: here are people taxed by a Roman oppressor, and taxed again by the temple leadership. Here are people who are trapped in the political schemes of King Herod (who is a local tyrant), and Joseph Ben Caiaphas the Chief Priest (and an astute politician), and Pontius Pilate, the Roman authority.
And John is preaching Good News at the river. And at this point we discover John teaching an important thing about good news – John says that we cannot get to the good news by ignoring the bad news. John speaks of the difficult things of life: He speaks of some people having more than they need while others have nothing; he notes tax collectors extorting the people, and soldiers using their military domination to rob people. And he tells them to change their ways:
"Whoever has two coats must share with anyone who has none; and whoever has food must do likewise." 12 … tax collectors: "Collect no more than the amount prescribed for you." 14 Soldiers: "Do not extort money from anyone by threats or false accusation, and be satisfied with your wages."
This is absolutely not how our culture works: we live in a world that likes to speak of the good things: this is the season of a “Jolly, holly Christmas” and “ merry festive greetings”. And in order to have a Happy Holiday - we resolutely ignore the bad stuff. This is even more pronounced here in the mid-west: what is called “Midwest niceness”. Be nice and sweep the bad stuff under the carpet. John teaches us something different.
1. Speaking about Good News does not deny the bad news.
John does deny the bad news. But, says John, there is Good News, because Christmas is coming. Well he does not say it like that : here are his actual words: One more powerful than I is coming: Jesus is on his way.
We live is a culture that has been persuaded to think that in order to be happy – we must not speak about the difficulties: not so says John: name the difficult stuff, and then discover that God is with us. Let me be clear: God does not take the difficult stuff away. Far too many preachers seem to suggest that following Jesus means that we will not have any more difficult stuff in our lives. God does not save us from our mistakes, or our stupidity. And God does not prevent the challenging stuff coming our way. But here is the Good News: God accompanies us through the difficult stuff to the other side. And for this reason we can speak about the Bad News and ask God to be with us and help us turn Bad News into Good News.
2. Speaking of Good News offers an opportunity for a New Beginning
John is preaching at the Jordan river: he could have chosen to preach in Jerusalem – but instead he travels 45 miles East to the Jordan River. This is a significant place: because he is preaching at the place where the children of Israel had crossed this River to enter their promised land 1000 years earlier. And John is inviting the nation to begin again. In essence he is saying: “Come and cross the Jordan again. Come to the river and start over. Be baptised as if you were not born Jewish – and cross the river into your promised land.” This is the good news says John: you can begin again. And at this point John helps us all to understand that in order for Good News to happen – we must speak about the bad news: The Word of God for those who have become accustomed to living unaccountable lives:
In a sentence: Do not use your power to make yourselves rich at the expense of others. If you have more clothes than you need and see someone who has nothing - then share what you have so that you both have enough. Do not use you position in government to get rich off the poor; and if you are in the military – do not use military office to get advantage for yourself.
Here is the Good News, says John: if you live your lives generously, and with compassion for the weak and the poor – you will discover that God is with you. In the light of this I invite us to expect Good News this Christmas.
Too often in our lives, we don’t expect Good News. Yet here we are, invited to not only know there is Good News intended for us – but invited to participate in it. We are invited to live with a sense of expectation: to shout aloud because our God is with us. We have a Christmas word for this: Emmanuel – “God is with us”. This is the core truth of Christmas – that God has come to live with us: and it is this that will lead us to reform our selfish ways in preparation of the coming of the Lord. We are to share our hearts and lives with one another, to show love and kindness to all people, and in so doing to become the Good News of Christmas. I close with the example of someone who made the presence of God visible around him:
José Mujica, was the President of Uruguay between 2010-15. He chose to live on his modest farm instead using the majestic Presidential residence, and drove his old car instead of using a Presidential cavalcade. Because of his simple living, he became become a topic of discussion around the world during his tenure as President.
But here is my point: he understood what he needed for his life: and so donated around 90 percent of his $12,000 a month salary to charities that benefited poor people and small entrepreneurs.
The joy and love of Christmas come alive in our acts of generous kindness. I am inviting us to be God’s sign of Christmas in our community.
God Loves a Cheerful Giver
God Loves a Cheerful Giver