Jesus and his disciples are visiting Caesarea Philippi. This city was made up of a mixed population of Greeks, Romans and Jews. It lay at the foot of Mount Hermon, and had a giant spring that gushed from a cave and tumbled down the valley. The Greeks originally called this town Paneas: and believed that Pan, the Greek God of deserts, lived in the cave. The Romans renamed the city to honor Caesar Augustus and would offer annual prayers in the name of Caesar. And the Jews preached against this this idolatry and prayed for a messiah to liberate them from Roman rule. This was a city that was consumed with gossip – as the various groups of people watched each other and plotted their own futures free of each other.